Sermon Delivered on Friday 12TH DHUL-QA’DAH, 1436 (28th August, 2015)

As- Salaam alaykum warahmotu llah wabarakaatuh.

JUM’AT SERMON OF 28TH AUGUST, 2015 (12TH DHUL-QA’DAH 1436AH)

The sermon centres on: THE VIRTUE OF AS-SABR (PATIENCE)

I praise and appreciate Allah (S.W.T), the One who commanded His believing servants to exercise patience in dealings, ways of life, enjoin others and urge them to inculcate patience in their affairs. I thank Him; I show appreciation on His multi-dimensional favours and mercies. I beseech Him to shower His infinite blessing upon the soul of noble Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W), the best of mankind who enjoined patience and who exercised it to its apex. May the blessing be extended to his household, his companions, and generality of the Muslims- the dead and the living (Aamin).

            Servants of Allah! As-Sabr is an act of being patient. As-sabr is the Islamic virtue of “Patience” or “endurance”. Sabr is a self restraint on detested matters, forbearing undesired situation with total submission and solace in the decree of Allah (S.W.T).

            Servants of Allah! for Sabr indeed are some instances in which a believer should caution himself against anger and panics. The first instance or stage is following Allah (S.W.T) and His messenger in compliance with both obligatory and superogatory acts. It is therefore, necessary that a believer perseveres to comply so as to attain good promise of Allah (S.W.T) as contained in Al-Qur’an 39 verse 10

“Say: O my servants who believe! be careful of (your duty to) your Lord; for those who do good in this world is good, and Allah's earth is spacious; only the patient will be paid back their reward in full without measure’’

We shall surely reward those who exercise patience in best form exceeding    their good deeds”, “Those who are patient will receive their reward without measure”.

Servants of Allah! Allah (S.W.T) commanded you all to instill piety in avoiding neglects of His ordinances contained in patience and enjoining others to exercise it and He (Allah) has attached a giant success and rewards which are categorized with salvation from loss, attainment of huge profits on surface of the earth and gaining entrance into Al-Jannat on judgment day (Al-Yaum-l-Akihra).

It is also an essential part of sabr to restrain personal self from forbidden acts, engaging in sinful acts and dealings such as usury/interest, fornication and adultery, consumption of alcoholic drinks and substances etc. Muslims should do away with taking lives of fellow human beings, subjecting others to untold hardship and suffering, oppressing them, denying them their rights, defaming their character and probity as well as arrogating to oneself what does not belong to him.   

Servants of Allah! It is essential to exercise sabr on trials by way of avoiding anger or panic. In other words, Muslims are expected to take solace and show pleasure with the decree of Allah (SWT).Allah says in Quran 31 verse 17

‘‘O my son! Keep up prayer and enjoin the good and forbid the evil, and bear patiently that which befalls you; surely these acts require courage’’.

‘‘Give glad tiding to those who are patient (in a case of misfortune or trials). Those when they are afflicted say: we belong to Allah and unto Him we shall return.” 

Servants of Allah! It is part of sabr to forebear hardship or affliction but those who have the fortitude are very few. Remember that Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was the first of his generation who forebore trials, temptations and hardships in good faith and total submission to Allah (SWT) and so, he was made to prosper as he attained reward which out weighed that of his predecessors among the Prophets and Messengers of Allah (SWT).

Forbearing trials and hardships in the course of and for the sake of Allah (S.W.T) is indeed one of the signs or qualities of virtuous and pious servants. This exercise is exemplified when a servant of Allah (SWT) is being hurt and frustrated by fellow beings. Instead of retaliating and swallowing his fortitude, he remains calm and patient such that frustration and oppression did not break or dismantle his communion with Allah (S.W.T).

The Prophet (SAW) was reported to have said:

“Whoever swallowed anger while he was capable of reacting over it will be given a priority and preference by Allah (S.W.T) on the day of Judgment to an extent that he will be made to  choose whichever he wants from the beautiful girls of Al-Jannah”

POSITION OF SABR AND ITS CLASSIFICATIONS

Servants of Allah! Sabr is an integral part of Iman (faith) and its position is likened to that of a head in the body. Sabr however has three (3) classifications namely:

  1. Sabr on the ordinances of Allah (S.W.T) in matters relating to compliance with His dictates.
  2. Sabr against what Allah (S.W.T) has prohibited and sinful acts.
  3. Sabr on what Allah (S.W.T) has decreed and destined of afflictions, calamities and misfortunes.

FRUITS OF SABR

Behold Servants of Allah! Varieties of good await those who exercise Sabr on surface of the earth and in the hereafter. Here are some of the goods and fruits for being patient.

  1. Sabr serves as substantial mechanism to guide the heart and attainment of tranquility.
  2. Allah (S.W.T) usually compensated patient servants of what missed them and what has afflicted them.
  3. Sabr is a vital tool and a measure through which shortcomings and wrong deeds of servants are atoned while servants become elevated in Al-Jannah.

Allah (S.W.T) corroborated this in Qur’an 41 verse 34-35  

“And not alike are the good and the evil. Repel (evil) with what is best, when lo! He between whom and you was enmity would be as if he were a warm friend. And none are made to receive it but those have a mighty good fortune”.

Servants of Allah! Hardship and ease are trials for you. Everything Allah (SWT) chooses for you is for your benefit. Whatever occurred to you could not have missed you and what missed you could never have reached you. Rewards are only for those who are patient with Allah’s decree. More importantly, panic and impatience cannot prevent the decree of Allah (SWT).

Behold! If the affliction or misfortune results from acts of obedience to Allah (SWT), then the affliction is a trial. Whoever perseveres will be rewarded and whoever exhibits annoyance may invoke the wrath of Allah (SWT).

Also, if the affliction befalls you owing to sinful acts, such as illness caused by consumption of alcohol or drugs etc. then the affliction is a punishment from Allah (SWT). Therefore, hasten to avoid all sinful acts and turn towards Allah (SWT) in repentance and ask Him for forgiveness because punishments of Al-Akhirah are more severe and stern. Q 2: 155-157.

‘‘And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient, Who when a misfortune befalls them, say: Surely we are Allah’s and to Him we shall surely return’’. 

Oh Allah! Increase your mercy & perpetual blessings on the soul of noble Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W), his households, companions, Muhajirun, helpers and generality of the Muslims worldwide. Oh Allah! make us sincere and successful Muslims, strengthen us over our enemies, subdue the power of enemies of Islam, render their powers and supports useless and impotent. Oh Allah grant us long lives and sound health, make it easy for us to follow your path and to move away from acts that can fetch your anger. Oh Allah, grant us success in this life, on death day, in the grave and in the hereafter and make al-Jannah our final abode (aamiin).  

Fa-s- salaamu alaykum wa rahmatu llah wabarakaatuh.

 PREPARED AND DELIVERED BY: MALLAM M.O RAUF

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