As- Salaam alaykum warahmotu llah wabarakaatuh.
JUM’AT SERMON OF 25TH DECEMBER, 2015 (13TH RABIUL-AWWAL, 1437)
I seek refuge in Allah against Shaytan the accursed, in the name of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful.
I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worshipping except Allah and that Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of Allah
We give thanks to Allah (s.w.t), The Controller of the entire universe, The All-knowing of all the past, present and future occurrences. He can never be questioned and neither be judged. May the blessings and peace of Almighty Allah (s.w.t) continue to shower on the gentle soul of the noble Prophet Muhammad, his household, companion and entire generality of Muslim Ummah, till the day of Al-qiyyamah.
Our sermon today will be focusing on the important lessons of the last sermon delivered by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) before he answered the call of Allah (s.w.t.). This is so, because of its significance especially when some people are celebrating the birth of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) across the world, but I felt that, the best way our Prophet can be celebrated is to remind us the happenings around him at the tail end of his life. That is why I have chosen his last sermon as the topic of our sermon today, which full of warning and admonition.
Before I go into the said sermon, let me give you a brief account on who is Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.). Our beloved prophet was born in Mecca in 570 C.E. he is an example for all of humanity; he excelled in being a prophet, ruler, orator, soldier, husband, friend, father and grandfather. He was known for love, trust, patience, courage, wisdom, generosity, intelligence, and he inspired millions of lives throughout the world.
His prophetic mission started at fourty from 610 C.E to 632 C.E. Allah says in Qura’n 21 verse 107 that ‘’… he was sent as a mercy for the whole world….’’
This Khutbah we are talking about today was delivered during the first and last Hajj performed by Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) at the ‘Uranah valley of Mount Arafat shortly before his death and this sermon confirmed the end of his Prophetic Mission with the attendance of 144,000 people. This final sermon was on the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the 12th month of the lunar year at Arafat, the most blessed day of the year, and it was an avenue for the Prophet to give a format and model for performing the fifth pillar of Islam which is Hajj.
Servants of Allah!
At this juncture, allow me to take you through this last prophetic message of our noble Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.)
The Final Sermon:
After praising, and thanking God, the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, said "O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. God has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. God has Judged that there shall be no interest, and that all the interest due to Al-Abbas ibn Abd’el Muttalib shall henceforth be waived…
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under a trust from God and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship God, perform your five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadan, and offer Zakat. Perform Hajj if you have the means.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab; a white has no superiority over a black, nor does a black have any superiority over a white; [none have superiority over another] except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before God and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my example, the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and it may be that the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O God, that I have conveyed your message to your people.”
Let us seek for forgiveness from Allah (s.w.t) He is surely there to forgive all our sins…..
Glory be to Allah (s.w.t.) who has sent His prophet to the entire mankind with guidance and true religion. May His mercy and blessings continue to be with the soul of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).
Servants of Allah!
When the Prophet completed this sermon, his prophetic mission was confirmed by Allah (s.w.t.) and revelation came down to him near the summit of Arafat, Allah says:
Meaning:’…this day, I have perfected your religion for you,completed my grace upon you, and have chosen Islam for you as your religion.’’ Q. 5 V. 3.
My dear brothers and sisters in faith!
The learnt lessons from this sermon can only be explained under these following eleven points:
Pondering and working towards these points is what our Khutbah is expecting from every one of us, if truly we loved Prophet Muhammad as we are claiming. And we pray to Almighty Allah to give us the strength to uphold all these final rules and to refrain from all these warnings, so that we can be part of those who follow the guidance of Allah in totality.
We pray Allah to accept all our acts of Al’ibadah and reward us abundantly.
FRIDAY SERMON DELIVERED BY:
USTAZ BSDMUS ISSA ABDULWAHEED,
FOUNTAIN UNIVERSITY , OSOGBO