As- Salaam alaykum warahmotu llah wabarakaatuh.
JUM’AT SERMON OF 4TH DECEMBER, 2015 (22ND RAJAB 1437 AH)
The sermon centres on: Part of Issues and Rulings Related to Salat.
As- Salaam alaykum warahmotu llah wabarakaatuh!
All praises and adorations are due to Allah (S.W.T) the Omnipotent, the Omniscience, the One Who promised those who are steadfast in their prayers a great reward, and prepared for them the gardens of paradise on the judgment day. I seek His forgiveness and mercy. I beseech Him to shower His infinite blessing upon the soul of noble Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) his companions, household and generality of the Muslims in the world.
Brothers and sisters in Islam, As-salam alaykum Warahmotullah Wabarakatuh. This is the third sermon in the month of Safar 1437 A.H and topic of the sermon is Part of Issues and Rulings Related to Salat.
Dear brethren, fear Alláh and be steadfast in your prayers, adhere to observance of Jum’at and other congregational prayers. Do not abandon or neglect them. Do not delay their observance without cogent and reasonable excuse(s) or reason(s). If you do, you will be exposing yourselves to danger and destruction. Alláh (SWT) says:
"Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salát (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell." (Q19:59)
Whoever abandons the prayer and does not repent will be made to face Ghayy in this life and the Hereafter. Ghayy is an Arabic term that implies ‘’plain loss’’.
O servants of Allah! Seek forgiveness from your Lord, indeed Allah (SWT) is all- forgiving and Merciful.
Second stage of the Khutbah:
As-salaam alaykum warahmotullah wabarakaatuh. Behold! servants of Allah, Whoever is steadfast in prayers should thank Alláh (SWT) for the divine favor and ask Him to keep his steps firm on it. On the other hand, those who are negligent of their prayers should turn to Alláh (SWT) in repentance immediately before it is too late as it will be too late to cry when the head is being cut off.
Performance of ablution is mandatory for a Muslim who intends to observe salat. This is in line with the tradition of the Prophet (S.A.W) when he said:
‘’salat is the key to paradise while purification is the key to salat’’
Facing the Qibla
Facing the Qibla (the direction of the Ka'bah) is mandatory in the course of performing salat. Alláh (S.W.T) said:
"And from wherever you start forth (for prayers), turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Harám (at Makkah), and wherever you are, turn your faces towards it (when you pray)."
(Q 2: 150)
In a standing position, the worshiper begins the salat by raising his hands close to the ears or shoulders and says: Alláhu Akbar. According to some schools of thought and scholars, if he said Allahu Akbar but forgot to raise his hands, his salat is valid. Then he recites the opening supplication, which could be any one of a few narrations that were authentically transmitted from the Prophet (S.A.W).
Recitation of Suratul-Fatiha (the opening chapter)
Recitation of Suratul-Fatiha is also compulsory; without its perfect recitation, the salat is invalid. Recitation of the Suratul Fatiha is obligatory upon the Imam who led people in prayer and upon the people who followed him, as well as anyone prayed alone. The Imam should, therefore, pay attention to this and recite Suratul-Fatihah slowly so that his followers may be able to recite it after him.
After reciting Al-Fátihah, the Muslim may recite some verses, surah or suwar (chapter or chapters) of the Qur'án. According to some schools of thought and scholars, if he does not know any other surah apart from al-fatihah and thus goes straight to ruku’, his salat is valid.
Ruku’ (to Bow for Allah)
After the recitation, the worshiper bows and says while in the position: "Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem" (far is our Almighty Lord from imperfection.) There is no harm if he utters it once, but it is better to repeat it at least three times. Thereafter, he rises while saying:
"Sami' Alláhu Liman Hamidah" (Allah listens to those who praise
At the standing position, both the Imam and his followers say:
"Rabbana wa Lakal-Hamd" (O our Lord! all praise belongs to You.)
The followers shall not repeat Sami' Alláhu Liman Hamidah as the Prophet
" ... and when he (Le., the Imam) says: "Sami' Alláhu Liman
Hamidah, " you say: "Rabbanna wa Lakal-Hamd. "
Following this, the worshiper prostrates laying seven of his body parts and limbs on the ground: the forehead and the nose together, the palms, the knees, and the toes. He should not lift his feet from the ground, nor his nose, nor any other body part. Moreover, he should not lay his forehead on his palm on the ground. However, it is permissible to have a rug or a cloth between the forehead and the ground, so long as such is not connected to him, such as, for example, his garment or scarf. This is not preferred or allowed except if necessary. In the prostration position, he should say:
"Subhana Rabbiyal Al-Aa 'la (far is our Lord the Most High from any imperfection.)
He should not recite Qur'án while bowing or prostrating as 'Ali bun Abi Tolib (R.A) said:
"The Messenger of Alláh (SWT) has forbidden me to recite Qur'án while bowing or prostrating."
However, if he reads a Verse of the Qur'án that is also a supplication in his prostration as a Duá', but not for the purpose of reciting Qur'án, then this will be permitted. Then he prostrates again and does all that throughout his salat.
Tranquility is another very essential aspect of the prayer. A Muslim must perform all the acts, arkaan (movements), and sayings of the prayer with the feeling of tranquility and peace at every position. The prayer is invalid if performed quickly without patience and tranquility.
O my brethren!, surely Allah (SWT) enjoins justice, kindness and the doing of good to kit and kin, and forbids all that is shameful, evil and oppressive. He exhorts you so that you may be mindful.
Oh Allah! Shower your infinite mercy & blessing upon the soul of noble Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), his households, the companions, the Muhajirun, Ansar and generality of the Muslims worldwide. Oh Allah! Shower your mercy on Nigeria, guide and support our leaders, cause them to actualize the truth and their responsibilities, protect and support the masses and suppress all insurgencies in the country. Oh Allah! Make us sincere and successful Muslims, strengthen us over our enemies, subdue the power of enemies of Islam, render their powers and supports useless and impotent. Oh Allah grant us long lives and sound health, make it easy for us to follow your path and to move away from acts that can fetch your anger. Oh Allah, grant us success in this life, on death day, in the grave, in the hereafter and make al-Jannah our final abode (aamiin).
Fa-s- salaamu alaykum warahmatu llah wabarakaatuh.
Sermon Delivered By:
MALLAM RAUF, M.O